From early seventeenth century, the immigrants from European countries came to settle in the New World, and they settled in various places. Most immigrants were English decedents, about 61%. Even though the Chesapeake region and New England were settled by similar decedents and emerged in similar time, they were developed differently.
The geography of two regions made the difference inevitable. New England consisted Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Maine and Rhode Island where located in upper east region with cold climate, while Chesapeake consisted Virginia and Maryland where located in southeast region with warm climate.
With the flourish climate and land, Chesapeake settlers farmed As the settlers of Chesapeake region needed the land for agricultural and slaves, the space between neighbors had to enlarge unlike New England, which the Chesapeake region tended to become “county.” However, the economy of New England based on trading, fishing and lumbering so that they tended to stay closer neighborhoods and become “villages.”
The governments of two settlements were different. For New England, as many religious leaders or families settled, the whole town governed for themselves. They held town meetings. However, in Chesapeake region, the governor ruled the town; governors were usually appointed by the king. For example, Sir William Berkeley governed Virginia.